10 gramatických chýb, ktorým by ste sa mali vedieť vždy vyhnúť

pridané: 14:30 14.11.2013

1. Oni/ony/sami/samy/radi/rady

Oni, sami a radi sa viažu na životný mužský rod.
Ony, samy a rady sa viažu na ostatné rody (neživ. mužský, stredný a ženský).

Oni tam pôjdu radi sami. (muži)
Ony tam pôjdu rady samy. (ženy, deti)
Duby tam stáli samy.

Pozor: Spojenie Ženy sú samé je nesprávne, pretože slovo samý sa používa na vyjadrenie väčšieho množstva vecí toho istého druhu, nie na vyjadrenie samoty.

Napr. Sú tu samé ženy a žiadni muži.

2. Prvýkrát/prvý raz

Slová končiace na krát sa píšu spolu (jedenkrát, prvýkrát, dvakrát)
Slová končiace na raz sa píšu oddelene (jeden raz, dva razy, päť ráz, veľa ráz)

3. Ako napísať 5 397 036?

Pät miliónov tristodeväťdesiatsedemtisíctridsaťšesť. Toľko obyvateľov má Slovenská republika podľa posledného sčítania obyvateľstva v roku 2011.

Jednotky, desiatky, stovky a tisícky v základnom tvare píšeme spolu.
Desiatky a jednotky pri skloňovaní oddeľujeme.
Milióny a miliardy píšeme osobitne.

Takže si to zopakujme:
Päť miliónov tristodeväťdesiatsedemtisíctridsaťšesť občanov Slovenskej republiky. O piatich miliónoch tristodeväťdesiatsedemtisíctridsiatich šiestich občanoch Slovenskej republiky.

What is Lorem Ipsum?

pridane: 20:48 22.11.2009

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

Why do we use it?

pridane: 20:48 22.11.2009

It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using 'Content here, content here', making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for 'lorem ipsum' will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Where does it come from?

pridane: 20:48 22.11.2009

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of "de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum" (The Extremes of Good and Evil) by Cicero, written in 45 BC. This book is a treatise on the theory of ethics, very popular during the Renaissance. The first line of Lorem Ipsum, "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet..", comes from a line in section 1.10.32.

The standard chunk of Lorem Ipsum used since the 1500s is reproduced below for those interested. Sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 from "de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum" by Cicero are also reproduced in their exact original form, accompanied by English versions from the 1914 translation by H. Rackham.

Where can I get some?

pridane: 20:48 22.11.2009

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form, by injected humour, or randomised words which don't look even slightly believable. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, you need to be sure there isn't anything embarrassing hidden in the middle of text. All the Lorem Ipsum generators on the Internet tend to repeat predefined chunks as necessary, making this the first true generator on the Internet. It uses a dictionary of over 200 Latin words, combined with a handful of model sentence structures, to generate Lorem Ipsum which looks reasonable. The generated Lorem Ipsum is therefore always free from repetition, injected humour, or non-characteristic words etc.

Where can I get some?

pridane: 20:48 22.11.2009